Diabetic Retinopathy Services from Your Optometrist in Saint Charles, MO
Diabetes is the top reason for new vision loss in U.S. adults. Sometimes diabetic retinopathy patients who arrive at our Bogey Hills Vision Center in Saint Charles are unaware of any changes in their sight. Our practice stresses the importance of regular exams with our optometrist to detect and monitor this and other vision disorders.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy steals an individual’s vision by progressively destroying the eye’s retina. Higher-than-normal levels of blood sugar cause small blood vessels in the retinal lining to start leaking blood, other fluid, and proteins. The body’s response unfortunately is to sometimes create more of these defective blood vessels. Our Saint Charles optometrist notes that the resulting blurry vision occurs due to fluid causing the retina to swell.
Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics are at risk for this disorder. Risk factors parallel the duration of time the patient has been diabetic.
Most sufferers notice few symptoms in the early stages. Some detect none. However, as the disorder advances, these signs are likely to appear:
- Blurry vision
- Holes or black spots in the visual field
- Presence of spots or floaters
- Trouble perceiving colors
- Issues with vision at night
Complications can lead to vision problems such as vitreous hemorrhage, glaucoma, a detached retina, and eventual blindness.
Our eye doctor diagnoses diabetic retinopathy during a comprehensive vision exam and a review of the patient’s health history. This appointment includes refracting both eyes, checking visual acuity, measuring internal eye pressure, and assessing structures in both eyes.
It is possible to retard the development as well as the progression of the disorder by sufficiently regulating a diabetic’s blood sugar levels. Treatment recommendations at our Bogey Hills Vision Center match the level of severity of each case of diabetic retinopathy.
A combination of regular monitoring and eyewear changes as needed is often sufficient during the early stages of the disorder. Patients can help themselves by taking any blood pressure or blood sugar medications exactly as prescribed.
Medications to help stop the formation of new blood vessels benefit some patients. Laser surgery is sometimes helpful in stopping fluid leakage and in destroying new vessels when retinopathy is advanced.
Schedule an Exam with Our Saint Charles Optometrist
Take steps to protect your sight by scheduling regular exams with our eye doctor in Saint Charles. Our Bogey Hills Vision Center optometrist specializes in diagnosing and treating an extensive range of eye diseases and conditions such as diabetic retinopathy. Patients enjoy the latest technology and vision correction products for the clearest vision possible. Be sure to call us today at (636) 946-1176 to schedule your next exam.